The Tanzanian Flag
The green symbolizes agriculture and the
fertility of the land.
The blue symbolizes the Indian Ocean which
is Tanzania's eastern coastline.
The black stripe represents the land
and people of Tanzania, and the yellow stripe
represents the country's mineral wealth.
Tanzania gained independence from the UK
in 1961 and joined Zanzibar in 1964 to become
Tanzania. The capital is Dar es Salam.
Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa
(out of 54. Sudan is the biggest).
The population was 40 million at July 2008
against 15.9 million in 1975. Health
improvements have cut the infant mortality
rate and increased life expectancy over the
past 30 years. Improved water supplies have
greatly improved the health of the country.
Tanzania currently hosts more refugees than
any other African country. They number around
half a million and come mainly from Burundi
and Republic of Congo.
130 plus Bantu tribes make up almost the
entire population. Asians, Europeans and
Arabs make up just 1% of the population.
On mainland Tanzania 45% are Christians,
35% Muslims and 20% adhere to local religious
systems. 99% of the population of Zanzibar
The official languages are Swahili and English.
AIDS is a major problem with an estimated
6.5% of the population being infected. In
hotspots like Arusha, the figure
is probably much higher.
There have been free elections in Tanzania
GDP per capita last year was US$1100 ranking
it 197 out of 225 in the world. (Gaza
is bottom with US$110 pa.) The
currency is Tanzanian shillings - c. 2100 to £1. Steady upward
trend in GDP per capita is probably being
held back by population growth.
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa
- 5,895m (19,340 ft), Mount Meru is 4566m